Tech Explain

What is IP Address, How it works

Written by Sanu Gupta

What is the IP Address, How it works

In this post, you will know what is the IP address and how to find your IP address? If you use a computer or internet more, then you must have heard the term internet protocol address many times.
Maybe, you know a little about it too. But do you know what the importance of internet protocol addresses in PC or any network is? Why does a unique IP address matter? And how to find your IP address? The IP address location based on the geolocation of the device
 
Internet protocol ADDRESS is like your contact address if people write you a letter.
So an address is required to post them. Similarly, in the computer world,
the internet protocol address is the address through which we can exchange information on the Internet. 
 
It is also essential from online security.
So let’s first know what does an internet protocol address means? Then we will talk about the remaining aspects of it.
 
https://www.techtuneup.in/2019/11/what-is-ip-address-how-it-works.html

What is IP Address

What is the internet protocol address

 
An internet protocol address or “IP Address” is a logical numeric address, which looks like some 151.101.65.121. This internet protocol address specially assigned to internet use devices like computer, 
 
smartphone, tablet, printer, router, and switch.
This internet protocol address is assigned to all devices separately. So that they can have an identity in the IP Network and it can communicate with each other.
 
An internet protocol address is a network address for your computer or smartphone, from which the Internet can send you email or data. For example, a courier reaches you through your home address.
In the same way, through an internet address, you can get data on your device.
 
. Right now, whatever internet protocol address your device is using, it is your “Digital Address.” The digits of the IP address divided into two parts. 1) Network part. 2) Host.
 
The first part (Network part) tells whom this address belongs to, and the second part (Host) gives information about the exact location of that address.
For example, whenever you try to open a website on the Internet such as www.techtuneup.in,
 
 the computer sends the name of the website (where the domain name goes) to the DNS server. From where he gets the IP address of the domain name.
Without an internet protocol address, any network connected to the Internet cannot function.
 

IP address version

 
Two main IP Versions below.
 
1. IPv4 (Internet Protocol Version 4)
 
2. IPv6. (Internet Protocol Version 6)

Ipv4

The first version of internet protocol was IPv4, deployed in 1983 for ARPANET Production. In this, the network identified using the Addressing system. 
 
This version was created by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and published in RFC 791. It used in the pocket switched link layer in the OSI Model.
 
IPv4 uses a 32-bit address scheme in five classes (from Class A to Class E) for Ethernet Communication. 
It is a numerical address, and its binary bits separated by a dot (.).
The number of its groups can range from 0 to 255: example – 12.244.233.165.
 
There are three types of address, unicast, broadcast, and multicast. It supports VLSML (virtual length subnet mask). In this version of the Internet protocol address, about 4,294,967,296 addresses can store.
Which more than 4 billion.
 
 But today, with the growth of the Internet, this situation has come, that this number has filled. We do not have any more numbers to store new internet protocol addresses. 
 

A solution has also found for this. Further internet protocol addresses will be stored in the IPv6 version. Let’s see what’s new in this.

https://www.techtuneup.in/2019/11/what-is-ip-address-how-it-works.html

Ipv6

To meet the shortage of more internet addresses, a new internet addressing system (IPv6) deployed. This version is also called internet protocol next generation (IPng).
 
 IETF started it in 1994. It is a network layer protocol, which enables data communication on a packet-switched network. Packet switching involves sending and receiving data between two nodes in the system.
Example – 3ffe:1900:4545:3:200:f8ff:fe21:67cf.
 
IPv6 addresses are written in hexadecimal. Its main advantage is the increase in address space. Its length is 128 bits and separated by colons (:). 
 
Approximately 340 undecillion (340,282,366,920,938,463,463,374,607,431,768,211,456) internet protocal addresses can be stored in this version. This is too much.

Types of IP address

There are two types of internet protocol addresses.

1) Public IP Address

The address is given to the router, modem by your ISP (Internet service provider) in your home or business area is called Public internet protocol Address.
 
Public internet protocol Address is given to all those devices which directly connected to the open Internet.
In simple words, 
the public internet protocol address is the address that is assigned to a computing device to allow direct access to the Internet. Every device that is accessing the Internet uses a unique IP address.
 
Most public internet protocol addresses are changed. These are called dynamic IP addresses.
However, host websites have given static internet protocol addresses, which never change so that the user can have continuous access to their server.
 

2) Private IP Address

The IP addresses that used to assign computers inside a secluded location without exposing them to the Internet are also called Private internet protocol Addresses. 

 

For example, you have many computers in your home, and now you use a router to use the Internet in all to them.

In this case, your router gets a public internet protocol address, and your router gives each device connected to it a private IP address through DHCP Protocol.

How to find an IP address

https://www.techtuneup.in/2019/11/what-is-ip-address-how-it-works.html

What is IP Address

The method of IP address of all types of devices described below.
If users using Android Phone want to know the IP address of their phone,
then open the settings of their phone, go to about the device and then click on the status.
Here your phone’s IP address must have been given.
Phone setting> About device> Status.
Windows users first click on the PC’s start button to find his local IP address and then go to the control panel. Now open Network and Internet, then click on the network and sharing center.
Now click on the wireless network connection in front of the association and click on detail. Inside this,
you will see your IP address in front of the IPv4 address.
Start button> Control panel> Network and internet> Network and sharing center> Wireless network connection> Details.
Apple iOS users follow the instructions below to find out their IP address.
Settings> Select Wifi> Select active network> Click i button.
Follow this setting to find the IP address in macOS.
Click apple icon> Select system preference> click network> select your connection.
You can easily find out your internet protocol address using the methods given above.
Apart from this, Google will show your internet protocol address by typing “What is my IP address” in google.
 With the help of the online website WhatismyIPaddress.com, you can also know it.

How can I find the IP address?

You can find your internet protocol address by just searching on ”what’s my IP,” then google shown the internet protocol address of your device.

About the author

Sanu Gupta

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